List of British Rail diesel multiple units (Johnsonverse)

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This is a list of British Rail diesel multiple-unit train classes.

First Generation

Early BR DMUs (79xxx series)
Manufacturer Engines (per motor car) Transmission Type Year(s)

Built

Quantity

(sets)

Year(s)

withdrawn

Region Line(s)

Served

Notes
BR Derby 'Lightweight' 2 × Leyland 125 bhp (93 kW) or 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) hydraulic (2 car) or mechanical (single car) low density 1954-59 217 vehicles 1967-69 London Midland Suburban services 7 vehicles survived in departmental stock until 1977-1994
Metro-Cammell 'Lightweight' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) mechanical 1955-56 36 sets London Midland

Eastern

Branchline services 79047 + 79053 survived in departmental stock until 1981
AC Cars Railbuses 1 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) railbus 1958 5 1968 All
Bristol-ECW Railbuses 1 × Gardner 112 bhp (84 kW) 2 1966
Park Royal Railbuses 1 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 5 1966-68
Waggon and Maschinenbau Railbuses 1 × Büssing 150 bhp (112 kW) 1966-67
Wickham Railbuses 1 × Meadows 105 bhp (78 kW) 6 1966 Elliot Track Recorder survived in departmental use until 1997
TOPS Classes
Class Manufacturer Engines (per motor car) Transmission Type Built Quantity (sets) Withdrawn Region Line(s) served Notes Bodyshell

Basis

Class 100 Gloucester RC&W 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) mechanical low density 1957-58 40 sets (80 cars) 1969–1988 Eastern Regional and branchline passenger services 56315 used by Fisons as a Weedkiller Vehicle until 1988 Mark 1
Class 101 Metro-Cammell 1956-60 527 sets still in use Eastern

Western

London Midland

Scottish

General passenger service
Class 102 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) 106 sets still in use
Class 103 Park Royal 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 1957 20 sets (40 cars) 1972-83 London Midland

Western

Chester regional services (London Midlands)

Kingswear Branch (Western)

3 vehicles survived in departmental stock until 1985-1990
Class 104 Birmingham RC&W 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) 1957-59 302 cars 1980–1995 London Midland

Scottish

Southern

Manchester to Buxton, Marple, New Mills, and Blackpool (London Midland)

Glasgow suburban services (Scottish)

Gospel Oak to Barking line (Southern)

Class 105 Cravens 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 1956-59 302 cars still in use Eastern ECML regional services
Class 106 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW)
Class 107 BR Derby 'Heavyweight' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 1960 26 sets (78 cars) 1973 (1)

1983–1992

Scottish Glasgow commuter services 6 vehicles survived in sandite use until 1995
Class 108 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) 1958-61 333 cars 1964 (1)

1974 (1)

1990–1993

London Midland General passenger service
Class 109 D Wickham & Co 1957-58 5 sets 1971 ??? ???
Class 110 Birmingham RC&W 'Calder Valley' 2 × Rolls-Royce C6NFLH 180 bhp (134 kW) 1961-62 30 sets still in use London Midland Leeds suburban services
Class 111 Metro-Cammell 1957-60 23 sets 1989 London Midland Manchester area services Last unpowered car went in 2000
Class 112 Cravens 1 × Rolls-Royce C8NFLH 238 bhp (177 kW) 1959-60 25 sets (50 cars) 1968-69 London Midland Liverpool area services and Lancashire-Yorkshire Railway services
Class 113 1 × Rolls-Royce C8NFLH 238 bhp (177 kW) hydraulic 25 sets (50 cars)
Class 114 BR Derby 'Heavyweight' 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) mechanical 1956–57 (entered service 1960) 50 sets (100 cars) 1962 (1)

1965 (1)

1967 (prototype)

1970–1971 (6)

1984 (2)

1986–1992

Western Lincolnshire services 54904 and 55929 survived as an ATP Test Unit (ADB 977775/6) until 2004.
Class 115 BR Derby 'Suburban' 2 × Albion 230 bhp (172 kW) high density 1960 41 4-car sets 1991–1994 Western Chiltern Main Line

Grand Central Main Line

Class 116 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) 1957–61 310 cars 1961 (1)

1983 (32)

1987–1995

London Midland

Scottish

Western

Eastern

General passenger service 2 converted to Class 130
Class 117 Pressed Steel 'Suburban' 1959-61 123 cars still in use Western Paddington commuter services
Class 118 Birmingham RC&W 'Suburban' 1960 15 sets (45 cars) 1994 Western Devon-Cornwall services
Class 119 Gloucester RC&W 'Cross-Country' cross country 1958 84 cars 1992-95 Western Paddington-Oxford services
Class 120 BR Swindon 'Cross-Country' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 194 cars 1989 Western

Scottish

Halwill Junc - Wadebridge

Par - Newquay

St Erth - St Ives

Truro - Falmouth

Truro - Newquay

Class 121 Pressed Steel 'Bubble Car' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) high density 1960-61 26 still in use Western Princes Risborough to Aylesbury Line

Lostwithiel and Fowey Railway

St Erth - St Ives

Class 122 Gloucester RC&W 'Bubble Car' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 1959 29 still in use Western Aylesbury–Princes Risborough

Liskeard - Looe

Lostwithiel - Fowey

Okehampton–Bude

Par - Newquay

St Erth - St Ives

Class 123 BR Swindon 'Intercity 2 × Albion 230 bhp (172 kW) intercity 1963 40 (Ten 4-car units) 1984 Eastern

Western

Hull and Plymouth suburban services
Class 124 BR Swindon 'Trans-Pennine' 2 × Albion 230 bhp (172 kW) 1960 Eight 6-car sets, plus 3 spare cars 1972 (3)

1975

1979–1984

Eastern

London Midland

Huddersfield Line
Class 125 BR Derby 'Lea Valley' 2 × Rolls-Royce C8NFLH 238 bhp (177 kW) hydraulic high density 1958 20 three-car sets 1971 (1)

1976–1977

Eastern Lea Valley Line

West Anglia Main Line

East Coast Main Line

59458/66 survived as fire test vehicles 975993/4 until 1986-1988.
Class 126 BR Swindon 'Intercity' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) mechanical intercity 1959 22 1970 (1)

1973 (3)

1979–1982

Western Glasgow - Ayr - Girvan - Stranraer
Class 127 BR Derby 'Bed-Pan' 2 × Rolls-Royce C8NFLH 238 bhp (177 kW) hydraulic high density 1959 30 sets (120 vehicles) 1964 (1)

1966 (1)

1968 (1)

1972 (1)

1975–1977 (8)

1982–1993

London Midland St. Pancras-Bedford 22 rebuilt in 1985
Class 128 Gloucester RC&W 'Parcels' 2 × Albion 230 bhp (172 kW) mechanical parcels 1959-60 10 1971 (1)

1979–1980 (2)

1982 (2)

1990

Western (1960-1988)

London Midland

Eastern (1988-1990)

Parcels
Class 129 Cravens 'Parcels' 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) 1955 (entered service 1958) 3 1972–1973 London Midland M55997 survived in departmental stock until 1986
Class 130 Parcels conversion from Class 116 1957–61

(converted 1969)

2 1972 All
Class 131 Parcels conversion from Class 122 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 1959

(converted 1966, 1969 and 1971)

3 1976

Second Generation

Pacers
Class Manufacturer Year(s)

Built

Quantity Withdrawn Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Leyland

Prototypes

BREL-Leyland 1978-84 4 × single cars 1978-97 ??? ??? Leyland National
Class 140 1980 1 × 2-car set 1981 Various Various
Class 141 1984 20 × 2-car sets Britain 1997

Iran 2005

London Midland Leeds suburban services
Class 142 1985-87 96 × 2-car sets 1997 London Midland

Western

Cheshire, Cornwall, Derbyshire, Devon, Greater Manchester

Lancashire, Merseyside, Teesside

Tyne & Wear, Valley Lines, Yorkshire

Class 143 Barclay-Alexander 1985-86 25 × 2-car sets 1996 Western Valley Lines
Class 144 BREL-Alexander 1986-87 13 × 2-car and 10 × 3-car sets 1996-97 Eastern

London Midland

Harrogate Line

Huddersfield Line

Hallam Line

Penistone Line

Pontefract Line

York and Selby Lines

Caldervale Line

Sprinters
Class Manufacturer Year(s)

Built

Quantity Withdrawn Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Class 150

Sprinter

BREL 1984-87 135 × 2-car and 2 × 3-car sets still in use London Midland

Western

Many Mark 3
Class 151 Metro-Cammell 1985 2 × 3-car units 1989 London Midland ???
Class 153 BREL-Leyland 1991-92 70 × single cars (Converted from Class 155) still in use London Midland

Western

Scottish

Many
Class 154 BREL 1985 1 × 3 car unit converted from Class 150 Converted back to Class 150 ??? ???
Class 155

Super Sprinter

BREL-Leyland 1987-88 42 × 2-car sets

7 × 2-car sets still in original form

still in use Eastern

London Midland

Caldervale Line

Harrogate Line

Hull to Scarborough Line

Hull to York Line

Class 156

Super Sprinter

Metro-Cammell 1987-89 114 × 2-car sets still in use London Midland

Scottish

Many
Class 158

Express Sprinter

BREL 1989-92 165 × 2-car and 17 × 3-car sets still in use London Midland

Western

Scottish

Many
Class 159

South Western Turbo

1992-93 22 × 3-car sets still in use Western West of England Main Line

Turbos

Networkers
Class Manufacturer Year(s)

Built

Quantity Withdrawn Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Class 165

Networker Turbo

BREL/ABB York 1990-92 48 × 2-car and 28 × 3-car sets still in use Western Great Western Main Line and branches

Chiltern Main Line and branches

Severn Beach Line

Mark 4
Class 166

Networker Turbo Express

1992-93 21 × 3-car sets still in use Western Severn Beach Line

Golden Valley line

Heart of Wessex Line

Wessex Main Line

Third Generation

Turbostar
Class Manufacturer Year(s)

Built

Quantity Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Class 168

Clubman

BREL, Derby 1998-2004 9 × 3-car and 10 × 4-car sets Western

London Midland

Chiltern Main Line

London to Aylesbury Line

London Marylebone - Oxford

Princes Risborough to Aylesbury Line

Mark 5
Class 170

Turbostar

1998-2005 44 × 2-car and 89 × 3-car sets All except Southern Many
Class 171

Turbostar

2003-04 9 × 2-car and 6 × 4-car sets Southern Marshlink Line

Oxter Line

Mark 6
Class 172

Turbostar

2010-11 24 × 2-car and 15 × 3-car Western Snow Hill Lines

Leamington Spa to Nuneaton

Chiltern Main Line

Coradias
Class Manufacturer Year(s)

Built

Quantity Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Class 175

Coradia

BREL, Washwood Heath 1999-2001 11 × 2-car and 16 × 3-car sets Western Many Welsh Lines Mark 5
Class 180

Adelante

2000-01 14 × 5-car sets Eastern

London Midland

London St Pancras to Corby, Nottingham and Sheffield (LMR)

London King's Cross to Bradford Interchange/Sunderland (ER)

Desiro
Class Manufacturer Year(s)

Built

Quantity Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Class 185 Desiro BREL 2005-06 51 × 3-car sets London Midland

Scottish

Liverpool Lime Street to Scarborough

Manchester Airport to Redcar Central

Liverpool Lime Street to Edinburgh

Waverley via Newcastle

Manchester Airport to Newcastle

Manchester Piccadilly to Hull

Manchester Piccadilly to Huddersfield

Huddersfield to Leeds

Manchester Airport to Cleethorpes

Manchester Airport to Glasgow Central or Edinburgh Waverley via Preston

Liverpool Lime Street to Glasgow Central via St Helens Central

Mark 6
Civity
Class Manufacturer Year(s)

Built

Quantity Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Class 195 Civity BREL, Newport 2017-2020 25 × 2-car sets

33 × 3-car sets

London Midland Manchester Airport to Cumbria

Lancaster to Barrow-in-Furness

Barrow-in-Furness to Carlisle

Oxenholme Lake District to Windermere

Mark 7
Class 196 Civity 2019-21 12 x 2-car sets

14 x 4-car sets

Western Birmingham New Street to Hereford/Shrewsbury
Class 197 Civity 2021-2023 51 x 2-car sets

26 x 3-car sets

Western TBD

Diesel-electric multiple units (DEMUs)

Southern Region DEMUs (Thumpers)
Class SR Code Built Quantity Withdrawn Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Class 201 6S 1957-58 7 × 6-car sets 1986 Southern London-Hastings line Mark 1
Class 202 6L 9 × 6-car sets
Class 203 6B 1958 7 × 6-car sets 1990
Class 204 2H/3T 1957 4 × 3-car sets

(formed using Class 205 and 206 cars)

1987
Class 205 2H/3H 1957-62 4 × 2-car and 29 × 3-car sets 1992–2004 Portsmouth Harbour-Salisbury-Andover

Alton-Winchester-Southampton Terminus

Class 206 3R 1964 6 × 3-car sets

(formed using Class 201 and 416 cars)

1979 Reading-Redhill-Tonbridge
Class 207 3D 1962 19 × 3-car sets 1990–2004 Oxter Line
Second Generation
Class Manufacturer Built Quantity Withdrawn Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Class 210 BREL, Derby 1982 1 × 3-car and 1 × 4-car set 1987 Western

Scottish

Various (prototype) Mark 3
Class 231 BREL, Derby TBC 11 × 4-car sets TBC Western Maesteg and Cheltenham Spa

Cardiff Central and Ebbw Vale

Mark 7
Voyager-style express DEMUs
Class Manufacturer Built Quantity Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Class 220

Voyager

BREL, Horbury 2000-01 34 × 4-car sets Western

Scottish

Southern

Plymouth – Edinburgh Waverley (and Glasgow Central)

(Southampton Central and) Reading – Newcastle

Bournemouth – Manchester Piccadilly

(Exeter St Davids and) Bristol Temple Meads – Manchester Piccadilly

Mark 5
Class 221

Super Voyager

2001-02 4 × 4-car and 40 × 5-car sets Western

Scottish

Southern

London Midland

Plymouth – Edinburgh Waverley (and Glasgow Central)

(Southampton Central and) Reading – Newcastle

Bournemouth – Manchester Piccadilly

(Exeter St Davids and) Bristol Temple Meads – Manchester Piccadilly

London Euston to Shrewsbury

Crewe to Holyhead

London Euston to Glasgow Central

London Euston to Preston or Edinburgh Waverley via Birmingham New Street

London Euston to Blackpool North via Birmingham New Street

Class 222

Meridian/Pioneer

2003-05 4 × 4-car, 7 × 9-car and 17 × 5-car sets London Midland London St Pancras - Corby

London St Pancras - Sheffield

High-speed trains
Class Manufacturer Information Built Quantity Withdrawn Region Line(s)

Served

Bodyshell

Basis

Class 251 Metro-Cammell Blue Pullman 1959-1960 2 × 6-car

3 × 8-car

1973 Western

London Midland

Manchester Central to London St Pancras

Wolverhampton Low Level to London Paddington, via Birmingham Snow Hill and through High Wycombe

Mark 1
Class 252 BREL Prototype HST 1972 1 × 10-car plus 2 spare coaches 1982 Several (testbed) ??? Mark 3
Class 253 InterCity 125

(power cars now classified as Class 43 locomotives, coaches now classified as Mark 3 carriages)

1975–1982 58 × 9-car still in use All All principal main lines
Class 254 36 × 10-car
Class 800 BREL, Newton Aycliffe Electro-diesel units designed with both pantograph for OHLE use and internal diesel powerplant for non-electrified lines 2014-2019 46 × 5-car

13 × 9-car

still in use Eastern

Western

East Coast Main Line (all destinations)

Great Western Main Line (all destinations)

Mark 7
Class 802 2017-2020 27 x 5-car

7 x 9-car

Eastern

Western

London Midland

Great Western Main Line

Cornish Main Line

East Coast Main Line

Class 805 TBC 13 x 5-car TBC London Midland West Coast Main Line

North Wales Coast Line

Wolverhampton-Shrewsbury line

Class 810 33 × 5-car London Midland Midland Main Line

See also