Sega Corporation is a Japanese multinational video game, arcade and consumer electronics developer and publisher headquartered in Shinagawa, Tokyo. Its international branches, Sega of America and Sega Europe, are respectively headquartered in Irvine, California, and London. It is a subsidiary of the Orange Roof Corporation.
Sega was founded by Martin Bromley and Richard Stewart as Nihon Goraku Bussan on June 3, 1960. The company became known as Sega Enterprises, Ltd. after acquiring Rosen Enterprises, an importer of coin-operated games. Sega developed its first coin-operated game with Periscope in the late 1960s. In an effort to become a publicly traded company, Sega was sold to Gulf and Western Industries in 1969. Following a downturn in the arcade business in the early 1980s, Sega began to develop video game consoles, starting with the SG-1000 and Master System, but struggled against competitors such as the Nintendo Entertainment System. In 1984, Sega executives David Rosen and Hayao Nakayama led a management buyout of the company with backing from CSK Corporation. It was purchased by the Orange Roof Corporation in 1987.
Sega released its next console, the Sega Genesis (known as the Mega Drive outside North America), in 1988. Although it was a distant third in Japan, the Genesis found major success after the release of Sonic the Hedgehog in 1991 and briefly outsold its main competitor, the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, in the U.S. Later in the decade, Sega saw more successes with the Neptune, Saturn, Nomad, and the Dreamcast.
Sega produces multi-million-selling game franchises including Sonic the Hedgehog, Total War, and Yakuza, and is the world's most prolific arcade game producer. It also operates amusement arcades and produces other entertainment products, including Sega Toys.
Origins and arcade success (1940–1982)
Entry into the game console market (1982–1989)
Genesis, Sonic the Hedgehog, and mainstream success (1989–1994)
CD, Neptune, Saturns and rising sales (1994–1999)
Dreamcast and continued success (1998–2001)
Partnership with Microsoft (2001-2005)
Continuing success (2005-present)
In 2005, to much anticipation, Sega released the Zeus, which was released alongside the Xbox 360 and the Jupiter.